Mursidabad is eighteenth district of West Bengal. In the Mughal period it was the capital of Bengal. The district has an area of 2143 sq. m. The Bhagirathi has divided the district almost in two equal parts. The western part consists of hard clay and modular lime stone is called Rarh. The Bagri, the other half of the district belongs to alluvial plains of eastern Bengal. The mango gardens are present at both sides but more on eastern bank.